God or Big gang
Enigma of life still remains the most crucial topics for the scientists all over the world. Yet religion is confident in its own theories. Is there any universal position in the question of Creation or humanity will always wander among the waves of hesitations?
During all over the world the human history discoveries in science were oppressed and rejected by official ruling ideology – religion represented by church and public mind. Can’t we observe the similar situation nowadays just with changed roles? For today it is science who rules our minds and religion in better case is viewed as the subject for studying, no more, not mentioning to give her full rights in scientific research. Nevertheless isn’t science caught in its own trap as religion long ago? What do modern scientists think about religion-science relations?
One of the greatest paradoxes of modern science is that more it tells about existence, the more mysterious existence becomes. Do we know why and how actually the creation happened? So many theories, so many contradictions that even scientists themselves helplessly recognize their incapability to discover the primary reason, the sense of Cosmos existence and life of human being.
The most fundamental questions of cosmology according to G. Ellis, professor of mathematics at the University of Capetown, are the following: geometry of universe, what it is made of, what caused the mighty comic inflation and what was the nature of creation. What if laws of nature were different in early universe? And how common is life in universe? Could one in any other way create a universe allowing intelligent life to exist? “This sets the framework for considering the major philosophical issues within the context of the uniqueness of the universe”, points Ellis.
M. Glaser, Brazilian-born physic professor of Dartmouth College in USA underlines the intriguing correspondence between answers suggested by mythic narratives and those suggested by scientific research. Having given a detailed outlook of creation views from the Ancient Greece to Enlightenment he made unusual conclusion that old themes coming back dressed in scientific jargon and science itself cannot answer questions concerning its own origin since always has been receiving its inspiration from the power much more deeper and mysterious – religion and mythology.
While G. Lemaitre, one of the fathers of modern cosmology and Catholic abbot is strongly convinced that religion and science are so apart that cannot influence each other, J. Gould, US paleontologist, thinks the dialogue is possible and calls science and religion friends but never partners. Who is right: the convinced French Catholic who claims that science never shaken his faith in religion and religion has never caused him to question the conclusions he reached by scientific methods or the American scientist who views their relations as the contact of oil and water, the parts of which can move back and forth into places occupied moments before by the other?
S. Weinberg, professor of physics of Texas University in Austen, Nobel Prize for Physics, is sure that even a final theory will leave us with a mystery. As for religion whatever reasons it provides still raise the question of why.
Canadian philosopher J. Leslie having not found the answers in science, adheres pantheistic worldview considering the structure of Cosmos to be simply the structure of divine thinking. To this view, based as he tells, on Plato’s ideas he was led by thinking of the nature of the laws of physics, of the very reason of their appearance and functioning.
The same problem occupied the mind of Polish professor of physics M.Heller. He stresses upon the limits of human ability of understanding when facing the final question: Why does the Universe have this incredible property of probability, why is it so perfectly ordered?
Astronomer from Israel T. Mazeh who teaches a course of binary stars considers mathematics tools which explain the motion of the world, to be one of the miracles of the world that God created. Here we can see the positive fruitful influence of religion on scientific mind as he points that his religion (Orthodox Judaism) doesn’t influence his work as astronomer, instead it does make him appreciate God and the beauty of the world.
And Islamic position enclosed in the words of S.H.Nasr, professor of Islamic studies at Washington University, blames Cartesian philosophy in creating a division between the knowing subject and the known object, he complains that modern science considered its goal to be the study of pure quantity and tore away all qualitative aspects of nature – all its spiritual elements.
It seems that to be effective and powerful and practical in real life science has no other choice than to review the vast human experience, enclosed in rich mythological and religious systems. Their treasury of ideas is not a prerogative of humanitarian sciences but has the urgent meaning in every field of human cognition as it was proved by the opinions of researchers of exact sciences.
And it would be to the point to conclude by the words of S.Schechner, curator of historic museum at Harvard University: “Cosmology is actually a human endeavor. In asking questions about the deep past and distant future it draws from many rich traditions and brings us closer together as human beings”.